The fall of the medieval Hungarian state and the Turkish conquest 1490-1526

history

Matthias died prematurely and without a legal successor in 1490. The powerless rulers from the Jagelló dynasty that followed bought the benevolence of ever more unbridled lords by granting them concessions. Hungary's international role was wasted, its political stability shaken, and social progress was deadlocked. Matthias' conquests - Moravia, Silesia and part of Austria - were lost.

The constant infighting and unlawful acts committed during the feudal anarchy imposed intolerable burdens on the peasantry in Hungary. Their bitterness resulted in the peasant war of 1514, which is part of the European peasant revolt from the Hussite uprisings to 1525 German peasant war. The uprising led by György Dózsa was brutally crushed and the lords took revenge. Hungary was in a state of anarchy and discord when the Ottoman Empire, by now near the peak of its power, prepared itself to wage a new campaign against Europe, and subsequently reached Hungary's southern borders.

mohacsi vszThe dreaded event occurred at the battle of Mohács in 1526. The 70,000-80,000-strong army led by Suleiman I (The Great) (1520-1566) reached the battlefield on August 29. The Hungarian army, outnumbered three to one, mad a vain attempt to halt the advance: in just 90 minutes the cream of the infantry and Hungarian elite was lost. The Hungarian King, Lajos (Louis) II (1515-1526), was drowned in a swollen stream while fleeing. The Sultan marched into Buda, capital of Hungary, two weeks later.

 

 

Next Part

history content

budapest hotels hungary hotels
Hotel Corvin Győr

Hotel Corvin Győr, 3-star-hotel in Győr

Hotel Corvin The hotel is located in a quiet and beautiful setting 300 metres from the centre of Gyor, a few minute walk from the bus station and the railway station.

Ensana Thermal Margaret Island

Ensana Thermal Margaret Island, 4-star-hotel in Budapest

Fully refurbished 4-star superior hotel located in the heart of Budapest on the Margaret Island in romantic surroundings. Services: 267 air-conditioned rooms, conference and meeting facilities up to 120 persons, restaurant, coffee shop, lobby bar, Ensana Health Spa, Ensana Premier Fitness, spa treatments, swimming pool, thermal pool, adventure pool, sauna, aroma and steam bath, parking place.

NaturMed Hotel Carbona Heviz

NaturMed Hotel Carbona Heviz, 4-star-hotel in Hévíz

NaturMed Hotel Carbona**** of Heviz welcomes you all year round in a Mediterranean environment with a magnificent visual bath, a water surface of 1000 sqm, with air-conditioned rooms, with a thermal bath.

Club Apartments & Rooms,

Club Apartments & Rooms, self-catering apartments in Budapest

Instant hotel search

Checkin date
Checkout date

Airport Transfer

budapest airport transfer

Order your airport transfer!

Fixed prices, pick-up service, exclusive transportation directly to your hotel, or to any address in Budapest.

Featured accomodations

Useful travel information